The project started in 2001. At the beginning, it was an french-italian initiative named AZ4Pi (in the framework of an Integrated Program for Scientific Cooperation). AZ4Pi was created to improve the detection and identification of charged particles released in heavy-ions induced reactions around and below the Fermi energy, within the scope of the EURISOL project. At that time, people from France and Italy have started to share experience and results about detection improvements such as digital signal processing (DSP) from digital electronics.
In April 2006, the FAZIA project has been launched in order to progress in the design of a new multidetector. The collaboration has expanded and groups now in 2006 more than 10 institutions from 6 different countries (France, Italy, Poland, Spain, Romania, India). The goal is now to design a new detector with enhanced capabilities in the detection and charge and mass identification of charged particles with energies between few MeV and 10 GeV, taking into account the R&D carried out so far by the AZ4Pi collaboration.